World Cup 1962 Facts
World Cup 1962 Background
Both 1954 and 1958 World Cups were held in Europe. According to the South American countries it was about time for a World Cup to be hosted again in continent South America. The CONMEBOL (South American) Federations were so serious about this; they threatened to boycott the 1962 World Cup if FIFA would decide to choose a European country again. This boycott would not be the first time, since the 1938 World Cup experienced similar issues.
3 countries in total showed interest in hosting the 7th World Cup: West Germany, Argentina and Chile. West Germany withdrew before the vote as requested by FIFA, in order to ensure the 1962 World Cup would be held in South America. This meant the voting process was between Argentina and Chile. Argentina showed lots of confidence regarding their infrastructure and was the favourite initially; however president of the Chilean football federation Carlos Dittborn, ultimately convinced several football associations about their ability to organize a World Cup successfully.
Chile received 32 votes and Argentina a total of 11 votes. So on June 10 1956 in Lisbon, it was officially announced Chile gained more votes than Argentina. Therefore Chile became the 1962 World Cup host country. No boycott took place.
On May 22 1960, the devastating Valdivia earthquake occurred in Chile, the most powerful earthquake ever. Stadiums and infrastructure were severely damaged, but it was president of the Chilean football federation Carlos Dittborn who kept showing confidence and pleaded to FIFA to keep the 1962 World Cup in Chile. Back in 1956, during the 30th FIFA congress, he spoke the famous words: Porque nada tenemos, lo haremos todo (Because we have nothing, we will do everything). These words became an unofficial slogan of the 1962 World Cup, which started to have a different meaning after the earthquake took place.
1 of the 1962 World Cup stadiums was named after him; however he passed away 1 month and 2 days before the World Cup started.
World Cup 1962 Participants
56 teams entered the qualification rounds in order to be 1 of the 14 teams to play in the 1962 World Cup. 16 countries participated in total. Chile automatically qualified since they were hosting the 1962 World Cup and Brazil qualified automatically since they won the previous World Cup in 1958.
8 places for Europe were allocated to the following countries: Soviet Union, West Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, England and Bulgaria which qualified for the first time.
3 places for South America excluding Chile and Brazil were allocated to the following countries: Uruguay, Argentina and Colombia which qualified for the first time.
3 intercontinental play-offs had to be played by 6 countries which didn’t qualify directly:
Both UEFA countries Spain and Yugoslavia and CONCACAF country Mexico won these play-offs and therefore qualified last minute for the 1962 World Cup. Due to Mexico’s win, a CONCACAF country participated as well in the 1962 World Cup.
For the 2nd time in a row no African or Asian countries qualified. The 1962 World Cup was the last World Cup where only countries from Europe and the Americas qualified for.
World Cup 1962 Groups
Not much has changed when it comes to the group format. The 1958 format which introduced a new standard was used again with only some small modifications. There are 4 groups with each group containing 4 teams. The top 2 teams would advance to the Quarter Finals.
The point system didn’t change; 2 points were rewarded for a win and 1 point for a draw. The goal average, introduced in the 1958 World Cup, was again implemented but with a small change. Unlike the 1958 World Cup, the goal average was this time used for any teams with equal points in the group phase. This means no play-offs were played anymore by teams which together occupy the 2nd place in a group. If necessary, the goal average rule would decide every team’s group position.
From the Quarter-Finals on, the knockout phase, there would be 30 minutes extra play time when the match ends in a draw. If the match is still a draw after 30 minutes, lots would be drawn. Again the number 1 teams of the groups played against the number 2 teams of other groups in the Quarter-Finals as was introduced in the 1958 World Cup.
The Final had a different rule; the match had to be replayed if the match ended in a draw after the extra 30 minutes play time.
During the World Cup no lots needed to be drawn and the Final was not replayed. But, 1 time the goal average had to be used to determine which country would advance to the next round. This was in group 4 between England and Argentina. England obtained a higher goal average and therefore advanced to the Quarter-Finals. For Argentina the World Cup was over.
The 4 seed countries were Brazil, England, Italy and Uruguay. They were kept apart from each other and were placed in different groups.
FIFA by the way started to name the first round groups as ‘groups’ and not as ‘pools’. This name change was implemented since the 1962 World Cup.
The groups were as followed:
World Cup 1962 Stadiums
It was not planned to use only 4 host cities and 4 stadiums. The plan was to use a total of 8 host cities. Santiago, Viña del Mar, Rancagua and Arica eventually hosted World Cup matches. But the original plan was to use the cities Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia as well.
Unfortunately what happened was the Valdivia earthquake on May 22 1960, the most powerful earthquake ever. More than 2 million people were affected and cities were severely damaged such as Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia. Therefore the 4 cities were cancelled as host cities and as a result the 1962 World Cup calendar had to be completely changed. The infrastructure and stadiums were rebuilt at record speed and the 1962 World Cup was able to start as planned without any delays.
The following 4 cities and 4 stadiums were used in Chile:
World Cup 1962 Schedule
World Cup 1962 Memorable Matches
Soviet Union – Colombia 4-4
An exiting match this was although Colombia didn’t reach the 2nd round. In 11 minutes 3 goals were scored by Soviet Union. 2 goals by Valentin Ivanov and 1 goal by Igor Chislenko. Colombian Germán Aceros managed to change the score into 3-1 in the first half. 11 minutes after the 2nd half, Viktor Ponedelnik scored the 4th goal for Soviet Union. With only 35 minutes to go, it seemed pretty obvious Colombia was beaten! But they proved otherwise. In a time span of 20 minutes, Colombia managed to change the score into 4-4! Marcos Coll, Antonio Rada and Marino Klinger were responsible for the goals. The goal of Marcos Coll became infamous because of 2 factors! First of all it was an Olympic Goal (direct goal from a corner)! This was the first and last time so far this has happened in World Cup history. 2nd of all, the ball passed legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin! Soviet Union managed to top the group anyway and advanced together with Yugoslavia.Group 2
West Germany – Italy 0-0
This was the first time both countries encountered each other in a World Cup. This match showed this typical defensive style many teams were using in this tournament. Both teams were using the famous catenaccio defensive system. This system is designed to prevent goals from being scored and to score by only using the counter attacks, changing defense suddenly in attack mode. No team scored any goal.Chile – Italy 2-0 (Battle of Santiago)
Estadio Nacional, Santiago – attendance: 66,057
The group match Chile against Italy is 1 of the worst matches ever played. Not because of the result, but because of the way both teams played against each other. The reason seemed to be 2 Italian journalists who wrote negative articles about Chile. The match was violent and aggressive with players (high) kicking and punching one another. This infamous match has the infamous name Battle of Santiago. 1 of many disgraceful actions was Chilean forward Leonel Sánchez breaking the nose of Italian forward Humberto Maschio behind the referee’s back. This resulted in a high kick by Mario David aiming for Leonel Sánchez’s head. Only 2 Italian players, Mario David and Giorgio Ferrini, were sent off. However this amount could have easily been more. Chile was able to score 2 times in the last 20 minutes of the match. The first goal was scored by Jaime Ramírez and the 2nd by Jorge Toro. At the end of the match, both teams had to leave the pitch under police protection. Italy was eliminated and Chile advanced together with West Germany.Group 3
Brazil – Czechoslovakia 0-0
No goals were scored in Brazil’s 2nd group match. Both countries did advance to the next round. This match turned out to be Pelé’s final match of the 1962 World Cup. Pelé started the World Cup well by scoring 1 of the goals in the first match against Mexico. But in this match he suffered a torn thigh muscle. Pelé had to be replaced by Amarildo who showed excellent skills in the tournament. But it was the fantastic dribbling skills of Garrincha which became memorable. With many quality players, Brazil managed to win the World Cup without Pelé.Group 4
England – Argentina 3-1
The first time both countries encountered one another was in this match. However, their famous rivalry would only start in the next World Cup. England won this match with 3 goals scored by Ron Flowers, Bobby Charlton and Jimmy Greaves. Argentinian José Sanfilippo scored Argentina’s only goal 9 minutes before the final whistle. But the group ended with Argentina and England having equal points! Both had 3 points. This meant for the first and only time in World Cup history, the goal average rule had to determine which country would advance to the next round. By using this rule it was England which joined Hungary to the next round. England scored 2 more goals in total in the group phase than Argentina which was therefore eliminated.Quarter-Finals
Soviet Union – Chile 1-2
It was not expected but it happened: Chile was able to defeat the great Soviet Union. Leonel Sánchez scored the first goal of the match after 11 minutes. Igor Chislenko scored the equalizer for Soviet Union a few minutes later. But Chilean player Eladio Rojas scored the final goal of the match. Rojas was so excited when scoring against Soviet Union; he hugged the ‘unbeatable’ goalkeeper Lev Yashin first before his team mates!
Brazil – England 3-1
With Pelé being injured, Garrincha nicknamed Little bird, showed a great performance in this World Cup. This includes this match against England where he scored 2 goals resulting in the 3-1 end score. Gerry Hitchens scored for England and Vavá scored for Brazil as well. England lost with 3-1, the same end score of the group match against Argentina. In this match something pretty unique happened. During the match a dog invaded the pitch for a few minutes! He was eventually caught by English striker Jimmy Greaves. The dog did urinate on his jersey though!A dog invading the match Semi-Finals
Chile – Brazil 2-4
Chile was full of confidence, especially after eliminating Soviet Union. However Brazil ended Chile’s 1962 World Cup adventure. Both Garrincha and Vavá scored 2 goals. A goal by Jorge Toro and a penalty scored by Leonel Sánchez resulted in the 2-4 score. Both Garrincha and Sánchez scored their last World Cup goal in this match and became 2 of the 1962 World Cup top scorers with 4 goals. In this match an important player was sent off. It was Brazilian Garrincha. Normally he would have missed the Final. However the Brazilian Football Association succeeded in getting his ban overturned by FIFA. Chile ended the tournament with their heads up by beating Yugoslavia with 1-0 in the match for the third place. Brazil advanced to the Final for the 3rd time, with Garrincha.Yugoslavia – Czechoslovakia 1-3
Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar – attendance: 5,890
2 countries against each other which today do not exist anymore. They encountered each other for the first and last time in World Cup history. Czechoslovakia won this match due to 2 goals scored by striker Adolf Scherer in the last 10 minutes of the match. His 2nd goal was a penalty. Josef Kadraba scored the first goal for Czechoslovakia and Dražan Jerković the only goal for Yugoslavia. Czechoslovakia entered the Final for the very last time. Yugoslav Jerković became one of the 1962 World Cup top scorers with 4 goals. World Cup 1962 Final
Brazil and Czechoslovakia encountered each other in the Final. Brazil played 2 Finals before in 1950 and 1958 and Czechoslovakia played only 1 Final back in 1934. Both countries were placed in the same group and therefore have played against each other in a group match before the Final. The score however ended in 0-0. All the other matches were won by Brazil. Czechoslovakia lost 1 group match against Mexico with a 3-1 score.
Both countries encountered each other before in the 1938 World Cup. In that tournament they placed against each other twice as well. The first match ended in a draw and the rematch in a win for Brazil.
On the 17th of June In Santiago, in Estadio Nacional with 68,679 attendees, the Final was held between the 2 group members. The Final was missing Brazilian star player Pelé who was playing his 2nd World Cup. He became injured during the 2nd group match and was replaced by Brazilian player Amarildo who also played the World Cup Final.
Like in the 1958 World Cup Final, Brazil’s opponent made the first goal. In this Final it was Czechoslovakian player Josef Masopust who scored the first goal after 15 minutes in the first half of the match. But again like in 1958, the goal woke up the Brazilian team and 2 minutes later in the 17th minute, the score changed into 1-1. The goal scorer was Amarildo and due to a mistake by Czechoslovakian keeper Viliam Schrojf, the ball entered the goal.
In the 2nd half, Brazil was properly warmed up and scored their 2nd goal (69′) by player Zito. It didn’t take much time for the 3rd and final goal to be scored. This time it was player Vavá (78′) who became the goal scorer, where keeper Viliam Schrojf made another error. Due to this goal, Vavá became 1 of the many top scorers of the 1962 World Cup. He also became the first player to have scored in 2 World Cup Finals (1958,1962).
The score ended in 3-1 and Brazil was for the 2nd time World Cup champion. Brazil joined Uruguay and Italy as the best World Cup teams, which also won 2 World Cup Finals. It wouldn’t take that long though before Brazil would surpass both countries.
Czechoslovakia would never play in another World Cup Final again.
World Cup 1962 Song
From this tournament on, there is no more World Cup without an anthem, excluding Mexico 1970. Starting with the 1962 World Cup in Chile, the anthem is in Spanish and is named El Rock del Mundial (The World Cup Rock). The song is sung by Los Ramblers who expected at least 1 gooooaaaaaal de Chile during the World Cup. The song became a hit in South America with over 2 million copies sold. After more than 50 years Los Ramblers are still performing.World Cup 1962 Records
Did You Know
World Cup 1962 FIFA Awards
This is the first and last time Soviet Union is included in an All-Star Team. It is Russian Valeriy Voronin who will forever be the only Soviet Union player listed in an All-Star Team. Chile was for the first time included. For Brazilian player Djalma Santos this is the 3rd and last time he is included, and for his teammate Garrincha it is the 2nd time to be included in an All-Star Team. For Czechoslovakia it is the last and final time to be included in a FIFA All-Star Team.
World Cup 1962 in Action
1962 World Cup documentary 15 great goals Remembering a genius and a Final 50 years on Viva Brazil – 1962 Official World Cup Movie (in Portuguese)
World Cup English