World Cup 1982 Facts
World Cup 1982 Background
All the way back in July 1966 it was announced Spain would host the 12th World Cup in 1982. Since the 1978 World Cup was held in South America, it was again Europe’s turn to host the next World Cup. Spain had only 1 competitor which was also interested: West Germany. Both countries however, made a deal which resulted in West Germany hosting the 1974 World Cup and Spain the 1982 World Cup. West Germany withdrew their bid for the 1982 World Cup and Spain withdrew their bid for the 1974 World Cup.
On July 6 1966 in London, not only Spain was announced as a host country for the 1982 World Cup. West Germany was also announced as the host country for 1974 World Cup and Argentina as the host country for the 1978 World Cup.
World Cup 1982 Participants
The in total 109 countries which tried to qualify for the 1982 World Cup, had more chance to eventually participate in Spain ‘82 in comparison with the previous World Cups.
Why is that? Because FIFA changed 1 aspect of the tournament which caused a great impact organisation wise and format wise. Instead of 16 teams, the 1982 World Cup allowed for 24 countries to qualify. This meant the amount of 16 qualifiers have come to an end since this has been a consistent amount since the 1954 World Cup.
The increase to 24 qualifiers meant the chance to qualify increased for countries outside South America and Europe, especially for Asian and African countries.
Argentina as the previous World Cup champion and Spain as the World Cup host were automatically qualified. This meant 22 placed had to be filled up.
13 places for Europe excluding Spain were allocated to the following countries: Italy, West Germany, England, Austria, Soviet Union, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Belgium, Scotland, Northern Ireland and France. Northern Ireland qualified for the first time since 1958. England, Czechoslovakia, Belgium and Soviet Union qualified for the first time since 1970.
3 places for South America excluding Argentina were allocated to the following countries: Brazil, Peru and Chile.
2 places for North/Central America and Caribbean were allocated to the following countries: Honduras and El Salvador. Honduras qualified for the first time.
2 places for Africa were allocated to the following countries: Cameroon and Algeria which both qualified for the first time
1 place for Asia was allocated to country Kuwait which qualified for the first time.
1 place for Oceania was allocated to country New Zealand which also qualified for the first time.
World Cup 1982 Groups
Since 16 participants have been increased to 24 participants, the format had to be changed as well. The format became unique but resembled with the format of the West Germany ‘74 and Argentina ‘78 World Cups.
The 6 groups with 4 teams in each group would play a round-robin tournament, meaning the teams played against all the other teams in the group. 1 point would be rewarded for a draw and 2 points for a win. When teams have equal points, the goal difference rule would be used to determine who would advance to the next round.
2 teams of each group would advance to the next round, another group stage. Because of the increase in participants, there were this time 12 countries that entered the 2nd ground. They were put in 4 groups of 3 teams in each group. Only 1 team of each group would advance to the Semi-Final, the knockout stage. This meant the Semi-Final stage returned since this has been last implemented in the 1970 World Cup. The loser of the Semi-Final would play the match for the third place, and the winner would advance to the Final.
The 6 seed countries were Argentina, Brazil, England, Italy, Spain and West Germany. They were kept apart from each other and were placed in different groups.
The groups were as followed:
World Cup 1982 Stadiums
17 stadiums were used in 14 cities during the 1982 World Cup. 2 stadiums have been used in 3 cities: Madrid, Barcelona and Sevilla.
The total amount of 17 stadiums was in that time the highest amount of stadiums which was used to host World Cup matches. But this record has already been beaten by the 2002 World Cup in South Korea and Japan.
The following 14 cities and 17 stadiums were used in Spain:
World Cup 1982 Schedule
World Cup 1982 Memorable Matches
Cameroon – Italy 1-1
Against all expectations, Italy didn’t beat Cameroon which played their first World Cup. Italian Francesco Graziani scored the first goal but only 1 minute later, Grégoire M’Bida scored the equalizer. The matched ended in 1-1. This was the 3rd match Italy drew. Never in World Cup history did Italy won 0 matches in the group stage. Cameroon was the other country which drew all 3 matches. The Cameroonian team also included Roger Milla, who would celebrate his goals with a dance in a World Cup 8 years later. Both Italy and Cameroon ended on the 2nd place of their group had the same amount of points and goal difference. This means the amount of goals scored decided who advanced. Italy advanced since they scored 1 more goal than Cameroon. Cameroon was eliminated despite having lost 0 matches. The only match which was won in this group was Poland against Peru. Poland won with 5-1 and advanced as well in the tournament as the number 1 of Group 1 Group 2
West Germany – Algeria 1-2
This match is considered as 1 of the greatest World Cup upsets ever. This was the only time so far in World Cup history that an African country succeeded in defeating West Germany. Striker Rabah Madjer scored the first goal of the match in the 2nd half. Karl-Heinz Rummenigge scored 15 minutes later the 1-1. Surprisingly, 1 minute later midfielder Lakhdar Belloumi scored the winning goal for Algeria. Although Algeria ended up winning 2 of the 3 group matches, they failed to advance to the 2nd round. Since the rule of 2 countries advancing to the 2nd round was introduced in the 1954 World Cup, Algeria became and still is the only country in World Cup history that failed to advance while having won 2 group matches.
West Germany – Austria 1-0
This was the last Group 2 match. Algeria already played their last match and defeated Chile with 3-2. So after that match West Germany and Austria were aware of the following: If West Germany would win by 1 or 2 goals , both countries would qualify. A larger German victory would qualify Algeria instead of Austria, and a draw or an Austrian win would eliminate Germany. So 10 minutes after kick-off German forward Horst Hrubesch scored the only goal of the match. After this goal it seemed both teams didn’t really care anymore. Like there was an unspoken agreement between both teams. The ball was kicked around with no clear objective. The match was a totally different match in comparison to the 1978 World Cup match Miracle of Cordoba. Spanish supporters were chanting”fuera, fuera” (“out, out”) and angry Algerian supporters waved banknotes at the players. Even German and Austrian fans noticed strange playing behavior and weren’t approving this either. Algeria protested to FIFA, but the end score was allowed to stand. Algeria was eliminated and both West Germany and Austria advanced. The 3 countries had 4 points but due to the goal difference rule, Algeria was the eliminated one. This match contributed highly to FIFA’s new rule introduced in the 1986 World Cup, where the final 2 matches in each group are played simultaneously.Group 3
Hungary – El Salvador 10-1
The highest amount of goals have been scored in this match of all 1982 World Cup matches: 11 in total. 10 by Hungary and 1 by El Salvador. Never in World Cup history has a team succeeded in scoring 10 goals in 1 match. The score is still the biggest World Cup victory ever so far. The score was 5-0 before El Salvador scored their only goal by Luis Ramírez. This is so far the only goal ever scored in a World Cup by El Salvador. Tibor Nyilasi, Gábor Pölöskei, László Fazekas, József Tóth and Lázár Szentes were the Hungarian goalscorers. László Kiss scored a hat-trick in a time span of 7 minutes, the fastest hat-trick in World Cup history. Nevertheless, both countries failed to advanced since no victory was gained against Argentina and Belgium. Argentina and Belgium were the countries which advanced. By the way, only 2 matches in World Cup history contained 11 goals as well: Hungary – West Germany in World Cup 1954 (8-3) and Brazil – Poland in World Cup 1938 (6-5).Group 4
France – Kuwait 4-1
France needed a win since they lost the first match against England. France ended up winning this match easily. Bernard Genghini, Michel Platini, Didier Six and Maxime Bossis scored for France. Abdullah Al-Buloushi scored the only goal for Kuwait. The goal that became memorable was the “4th” goal against Kuwait by midfielder Alain Giresse, which initially was a clear goal. However the players from Kuwait complained fiercely. They thought a whistle coming from the audience was made by the referee. Therefore they stopped running. Even Sheikh Fahad Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah intervened! He was then president of the Kuwaiti Football Association and his brother was the Emir of Kuwait. He participated in the discussion and threatened to take the players of the field. After these discussions the referee disallowed the goal. France would soon score a 4th goal that was allowed. The referee was later suspended by FIFA and Sheikh Fahad was fined $14,000. Next to France it was England which advanced as well.Group 5
Spain – Yugoslavia 2-1
Spain was the only country which were able to beat Yugoslavia. Midfielder Ivan Gudelj scored the first goal, but the referee awarded Spain a penalty 4 minutes later. Juanito scored the penalty successfully and Enrique Saura scored the 3rd and last goal of the match. Together with Northern Ireland which topped the group, Spain advanced to the 2nd round. They did have the same amount of points and goal difference as Yugoslavia. However as was the case in Group 1, Spain advanced since they scored more goals than Yugoslavia. Since Northern Ireland defeated Spain in their last match, Northern Ireland became the surprising number 1 of the group. Group 6
Brazil – Soviet Union 2-1
This was their first 1982 World Cup match. The match almost ended in a draw. Andriy Bal scored the first goal for Soviet Union where Brazilian goalkeeper Waldir Peres made a mistake by touching the ball wrongly. Sócrates scored the first goal for Brazil. 3 minutes before the final whistle, Brazilian forward Éder managed to change the score into 2-1. Brazil is the only team of the group which has won all the group matches and consequently topped the group. They were considered as favourites with legendary players such as Zico, Socrates and Falcão. Both Brazil and Soviet Union advanced to the next round. Strangely and coincidentally, Scotland became eliminated for a 3rd time due to the goal difference rule! This was the exact same reason why they were eliminated in both the 1974 and 1978 World Cup!Beautiful free kick from Brazilian Zico against Scotland (4-1) Second Round
Poland – Belgium 3-0
Poland won with 3-0 but all the goals were scored by 1 player only. It was player Zbigniew Boniek who scored a hat-trick. This was ultimately the decisive factor to advance to the Semi-Final. Soviet Union were able to beat Belgium as well, but only with a 1-0 score. Since the politically charged match Soviet Union against Poland ended in a draw, Poland advanced to the Semi-Final. They simply scored more goals than Soviet Union.Group B
West Germany – Spain 2-1
This is the only group B match which ended in a win. Pierre Littbarski and Klaus Fischer scored the first 2 goals for West Germany. Jesús María Zamora scored the goal for Spain in the last 10 minutes of the match. Since West Germany was the only country to win a match in the group, they advanced to the Semi-Final. England became the 2nd country after Cameroon to be eliminated despite having lost 0 matches.Group C ‘group of death’
Argentina – Brazil 1-3
The rivalry between both countries is fierce. This Battle of the South Americans ended pretty ugly since Diego Maradona kicked João Batista out of frustration 5 minutes before the final whistle. He was directly sent off. Diego Maradona played his first World Cup in 1982 but did not perform to expectations. Brazil nevertheless won this ‘battle’ due to 3 goals scored by Zico, Serginho and Júnior. Ramón Díaz scored a last minute goal for Argentina but could not prevent Argentina from finishing last.Italy – Brazil 3-2
Estadio Sarriá, Barcelona – attendance: 44,000
‘Brazil was the favourite and Italy was lucky to have come so far with 3 draws in the first round.’ This was the common thought before they played against each other in this classic match. This match is considered as 1 of the best World Cup matches ever played. It was Paolo Rossi who became the hero with his hat-trick resulting in the final score of 3-2. Brazilian legends Sócrates and Falcão scored the 2 goals for Brazil. Falcão celebrated the equalizer with pure enjoyment, but this would not remain for long. If the score remained 2-2, Brazil would have advanced. But it was again Rossi who scored the final goal 16 minutes before the end of the match, resulting in a ticket to the Semi-Final. The 1982 Brazilian golden team which won every match, unexpectedly lost. This match is now known by Brazilians as ‘A tragédia do Sarriá‘ (Sarrià Stadium tragedy).Group D
Northern Ireland – France 1-4
France was the only country which have won 2 matches in Group C. Both Austria and England drew against each other and therefore ended up below France with 1 point. In the 2nd match for France and Northern Ireland, France won with an impressive 1-4. Both Alain Giresse and Dominique Rocheteau scored 2 goals. Gerry Armstrong scored the only goal for Northern Ireland. Austria and Northern Ireland were eliminated and France advanced to the Semi-Final.Semi-Finals
Poland – Italy 0-2
This was the 2nd time Poland and Italy encountered each other in this World Cup. They played against each other as Group 1 team members and ended the match with a 0-0 score. This time there had to be a winner. It was Paolo Rossi who scored 2 goals for Italy. Italy advanced and Poland had to play the match for the third place for a 2nd time and last time so far in World Cup history.West Germany – France 3-3 (5-4)
Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán, Seville – attendance: 70,000
This was a memorable Semi-Final match for several reasons. To start with the 1-1 score after 90 minutes. Both goals were scored by German Pierre Littbarski and French Michel Platini (penalty). In the 2nd half an ugly event occurred. French defender Patrick Battiston was running towards the German goal to accept a long ball, but collided dangerously with German goalkeeper Harald Schumacher. Battiston was literally knocked out with 2 knocked teeth and a broken jaw. He had to be carried off the field on a stretcher. Michel Platini later stated he thought he was dead since he had no pulse and looked pale! The referee didn’t send the goalkeeper off and awarded a goal kick. Schumacher’s action has been described as “one of history’s most shocking fouls”. He did apologize later in person to Battiston. After 90 minutes the match entered extra time. 4 goals in total were scored in those extra 30 minutes! France started first with 2 goals in a time span of 6 minutes by Marius Trésor and Alain Giresse. Giresse celebrated memorably thinking the Final was a fact for France. The score was 1-3 but West Germany wasn’t giving up. As many times before, they managed to come back impressively. 4 minutes after Giresse’s goal, Germany stroke back. Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Klaus Fischer scored a goal in a time span of 6 minutes as well! Fischer’s goal is considered as 1 of the greatest German goals in football history. After extra time the score was 3-3. The first penalty shootout in World Cup history had to take place. Manfred Kaltz, Paul Breitner, Pierre Littbarski, Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Horst Hrubesch scored their penalty for Germany. Uli Stielike missed. Alain Giresse, Manuel Amoros, Dominique Rocheteau and Michel Platini scored their penalty for France. Didier Six and Maxime Bossis missed. The penalty score ended in 5-4 so therefore Germany advanced to the Final.
World Cup 1982 Final
Both Italy and West Germany have won the World Cup before twice. For Italy it was a very long time ago, they won both the 1934 and 1938 World Cups. Since 1938 they only had the chance of becoming a World cup champion in 1970. But their opponent Brazil won the Final and Italy became 2nd.
West Germany has a very different story. After their World Cup win in 1954, they played both the England ’66 and West Germany ’74 World Cup Finals. Next to the 1954 Final, they managed to win the 1974 Final as well.
West Germany and Italy have played against each other before in a World Cup: 3 times. In 1962 and 1978 the match ended in a draw, but Italy won in 1970.
West Germany was in a bit of a shock in the beginning of this tournament due to the loss against Algeria in their first match. They recuperated on time and won all matches except against England in the 2nd round (0-0). The West German team caused lots of excitement again in the Semi-Final where they ended up winning the very first penalty shootout against France before reaching the Final
Italy started to impress the world only from the 2nd round on. Paolo Rossi wasn’t at his best and Italian trainer Enzo Bearzot was even criticized by the media for giving Paolo Rossi the chance of playing. This mindset however changed drastically with his first 3 goals scored against Brazil. Since this match Rossi was on a roll and maintained his excellent performance. Against Poland in the Semi-Final he scored 2 more goals, resulting in a safe passage to the Final.
On the 11th of July, in Estadio Santiago Bernabéu the Final was held between the 2 giants. 90,000 people were watching this unique match in the stadium. In the first 45 minutes of the match no goals were scored. Italy was awarded a penalty but player Antonio Cabrini missed. The real action started in the 2nd half. It started with Italian Paolo Rossi who scored the first goal (57′). Within 15 minutes the 2nd goal was scored by Italian Marco Tardelli (69′) who celebrated his goal with such emotion, it became an instant memorable image. Alessandro Altobelli scored the 3-0 12 minutes later (81′). West Germany, known for never giving up, managed to score the final goal of the match by Paul Breitner (83′) resulting in the end score of 3-1.
Italy finally won another World Cup after 44 years which no one would expect at the start of the tournament. They were now on the same level with Brazil that won 3 World Cups as well. Dino Zoff the goalkeeper and captain of Italy is so far the oldest player to have won a World Cup. He was 40 years old. Paolo Rossi became the top scorer of the 1982 World Cup with 6 goals.
Italy would return to a World Cup Final in both the 90s and 00s decades. When it comes to West Germany, World Cup fans were unable to ignore this team for 8 more years. West Germany would appear in 2 successive World Cup Finals.
World Cup 1982 Mascot
After using human beings (young boys) as a mascot for 3 consecutive World Cups since 1970, it was now time to introduce something different. Since FIFA wants to introduce a mascot that represents the culture of the host country, the typical Spanish orange as a character was chosen. His name is Naranjito which is derived from the word Naranja, which means orange in Spanish. As with Juanito and Gauchito, the 2 World Cup 1970 and 1978 mascots, Naranjito also contains the diminutive suffix ‘ito’. In other words Naranjito means little naranja. He wears the Spanish kit and holds a football which is the Adidas Telstar used in Mexico ’70 and West Germany ’74. Naranjito is considered as 1 of the most popular World Cup mascots. In Spain he even had his own cartoon in 1982 which was called Fútbol en Acción. There exist 26 episodes which have a duration of 20 minutes. See below video for some scenes.
World Cup 1982 Song
Eeeeeeeel Mundial! With the 1982 World Cup a song was introduced which is more lyrical than the anthem of the 1978 World Cup. The name is Mundial 82 and is considered as 1 of the better World Cup songs. The Spanish song is very catchy and traditional. Good luck getting that rhythm of the song out of your head! Mundial 82 is sung by famous Spanish tenor and conductor Plácido Domingo. He would later perform together with Jose Carreras and Luciano Pavarotti as The Three Tenors in the 1994, 1998 and 2002 World Cup Finals. In the 2006 World Cup Final he appeared with Russian operatic soprano Anna Netrebko and Mexican tenor Rolando Villazón.
World Cup 1982 Records
Did You Know
World Cup 1982 FIFA Awards
World Cup 1982 FIFA All-Star Team
After having been included in the previous All-Star Team, Italian player Paolo Rossi was included again for a 2nd time in this All-Star Team. French player Michel Platini who is making his first appearance in an All-Star Team, would be included in the next one as well. For Poland this is the last time so far to be part of a FIFA All-Star Team.
World Cup 1982 in Action
Greatest goals 1982 FIFA World Cup Highlights Part 1 1982 FIFA World Cup Highlights Part 2 Brasil 1982 Team – The 11 Greatest Goals G’olé! – Official 1982 World Cup Movie (in Portuguese)
Tag: 1982 Fifa World Cup Final
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