Fifa World Cup 2002 was the 17th staging of the FIFA World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan from 31 May to 30 June. It was also the first World Cup held in Asia, and the last in which the golden goal rule was implemented. Brazil won the tournament for a record fifth time, beating Germany 2–0 in the final. Turkey beat South Korea 3–2 in the third place match. France were the defending champions but were eliminated in the group stage after earning a single point.
World Cup 2002 Facts
World Cup 2002 Background
The 3rd millennium has started in 2001. This probably contributed to a decision that was made on May 31 1996 in Zürich. On that day FIFA decided the 17th World Cup would be hosted in continent Asia. Never in World Cup history a World Cup was hosted in a continent outside Europe, South America or North/Central America. This was not the only unique aspect of the 17th World Cup. Also for the first time in World Cup history, 2 countries would host the 2002 World Cup together: South Korea and Japan.
Initially 3 countries showed interest in hosting the 2002 World Cup and placed a bid. The countries were South Korea, Japan and Mexico. Shortly before the announcement about who would host the World Cup, South Korea and Japan united their bids. As a result FIFA voted unanimously for this special bid.
Another interesting aspect, was the fact that back in 1996 when the announcement was made, Japan never qualified for a World Cup yet. They would however qualify for the 1998 World Cup. Only 2 other countries have been awarded a World Cup without ever having qualified for one. They are Italy which hosted the 1934 World Cup and Qatar which will (probably) host the 2022 World cup.
World Cup 2002 Participants
For the 2002 World Cup 199 countries tried to qualify. Only 29 of the 32 places were available since both Japan and South Korea qualified automatically as host countries. France qualified automatically since they won the previous World Cup. This would be the last time however, that the previous World Cup winner would automatically qualify for a World Cup.
13 places for Europe excluding France were allocated to the following countries: Denmark, Spain, Slovenia, Turkey, Portugal, Poland, Germany, Sweden, England, Italy, Croatia, Belgium and Russia. Slovenia qualified for the first time since the breakup of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992. Turkey qualified for the first time since 1954 and Portugal for the first time since 1986.
5 places for Africa were allocated to the following countries: Senegal, South Africa, Cameroon, Nigeria and Tunisia. Senegal qualified for the first time.
4 places for South America were allocated to the following countries: Paraguay, Ecuador, Brazil and Argentina. Ecuador qualified for the first time.
3 places for North/Central America and Caribbean were allocated to the following countries: Costa Rica, Mexico and United States.
2 places for Asia excluding South Korea and Japan were allocated to the following countries: China PR and Saudi Arabia. China PR qualified for the first time. South Korea became the first country outside Europe, South America and North/Central America and Caribbean to qualify for the 5th World Cup in a row.
2 intercontinental play-offs had to be played by 4 countries which didn’t qualify directly: UEFA country Republic of Ireland against AFC country Iran and CONMEBOL country Uruguay against OFC country Australia.
Both Republic of Ireland and Uruguay won these play-offs and therefore qualified last minute for the 2002 World Cup.
All 7 World Cup winners so far participated together for the first time: Argentina, Brazil, England, France, Germany, Italy and Uruguay. They have all participated before in the 1986 World Cup but France (France ’98 World Cup champion) wasn’t a World Cup champion yet.
World Cup 2002 Groups
The exact same format of the 1998 World Cup was used again. A round-robin format was played meaning all teams in a group had to play against all the other teams in their group. 3 points were rewarded in the group stage for a win, and 1 point for a draw. The last 2 matches per group would be played at the same time.
The 2 best teams per group would advance to the Round of 16 where the knockout stage started. The number 1 team of a group had to play against the number 2 team of another group. If the game ended in a draw, 30 minutes of extra time would have to be played. If the draw continues, the winner would be determined by a penalty shootout. After the Round of 16, teams could advance to the Quarter-Finals and Semi-Finals before reaching the Final.
The 2002 World Cup would already be the last World Cup to use the Golden Goal rule. This was introduced in the previous World Cup in 1998. When a goal was scored in the 30 minutes of extra time, the match ended immediately. The rule was used 3 times in this World Cup and 1 time in the 1998 World Cup.
The 8 seed countries were Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea and Spain. They were kept apart from each other and were placed in different groups.
The groups were as followed:
World Cup 2002 Stadiums
Since 2 countries hosted the 2002 World Cup, the amount of stadiums had to be divided. Both South Korea and Japan used 10 cities and 10 stadiums each, which in total would be a record amount of 20 stadiums to host World Cup matches. The majority of all these stadiums were especially built for the World Cup.
The opening match would be hosted in South Korea, in the Seoul World Cup Stadium. Japan in return would host the Final in the International Stadium Yokohama.
The following 10 cities and 10 stadiums were used in South Korea:
The following 10 cities and 10 stadiums were used in Japan:
World Cup 2002 Schedule
World Cup 2002 Memorable Matches
France – Senegal 0-1
France showed an excellent performance 4 years earlier and earned the FIFA World Cup trophy. But 4 years later they would end up playing 1 of their worst World Cups ever. 0 goals were scored in the group matches and France finished last in Group A. France drew the match against Uruguay and lost the 2 other matches. Their first shocking loss was against Senegal. Senegal played their first World Cup and surprised the world by scoring the winning goal in the first half. Bouba Diop was the goal scorer. The Senegalese players celebrated the first 2002 World Cup goal famously by moving around Diop’s jersey and with some dancing. Senegal drew the 2 other matches against Denmark and Uruguay. Both Senegal and Denmark advanced to the Round of 16 Group B
Spain – Paraguay 3-1
Spain easily survived the group stage and topped the group. In each match they have scored 3 goals. In this match against Paraguay only Spanish players have scored a goal. The match started with an early goal for Paraguay, but this was an own goal by defender Carles Puyol. In the 2nd half the 3 goals for Spain were scored by Fernando Morientes (2x) and Fernando Hierro. Paraguay did advance, but they were very close to become eliminated. South Africa had the same amount of points and goal difference as Paraguay had. But a difference was that Paraguay scored 1 more goal in the group stage than South Africa, which resulted in reaching the next round.Group C
Brazil – Turkey 2-1
As with Spain, Brazil had no trouble reaching the 2nd round. At least 4 goals have been scored against China PR and Costa Rica. The toughest match was against Turkey. Hasan Şaş scored the first goal of the match in the first half. Ronaldo scored the equalizer and Rivaldo scored a penalty 3 minutes before full time. Rivaldo however was involved in a controversial accident. Turkish defender Hakan Ünsal kicked the ball to Rivaldo who was waiting at the corner flag for a corner. The ball reached his thigh but Rivaldo suddenly fell to the ground grabbing his face. It was obvious though the ball didn’t even come near his face. But the referee gave Hakan Ünsal his 2nd yellow card and was sent off. Brazil won but both countries eventually advanced. They would meet each other again later in the tournament. Turkey advanced, but only because of the goal difference rule. Costa Rica had the exact amount of points as Turkey.Group D
USA – Portugal 3-2
This match was 1 of the 2002 World Cup surprises. Portugal had known players such as Rui Costa, Luís Figo, João Pinto and Portugal’s current trainer Paulo Bento. It was highly expected from Portugal to survive the group stage, but this didn’t happen. Their first surprising loss was against USA. American midfielder John O’Brien scored for USA where 25 minutes later Portuguese Jorge Costa scored an own goal. both American Brian McBride and Portuguese Beto scored for their countries which ended the first half in 3-1. In the 2nd half it was American defender Jeff Agoos who scored an own goal. This is so far the only World Cup match where 2 own goals have been scored. No goals were scored after that. The United States won and would end up being 2nd of the group. Portugal lost the match against South Korea as well and became eliminated. South Korea topped the group and was about to play 2 controversial matches of the tournament. Memorable celebration by Ahn Jung-Hwan (South Korea – USA 1-1)
Ahn Jung-Hwan celebrated his equalizer memorably in the match against USA by imitating a speed skater. He referred to the controversial disqualification of Korean short track speed skater Kim Dong-Sung in the 1500 metres at the 2002 Winter Olympics. This allowed American Apolo Ohno to win the gold medal.Group E
Germany – Saudi Arabia 8-0
Germany started the tournament with an impressive victory: 8-0 against Saudi Aurabia. The good results of the 1994 World Cup haven’t been improved yet by Saudi Aurabia. They never advanced to a next round after USA ’94. In the 2002 World Cup 0 goals have been scored. All 8 goals came from Germany. Miroslav Klose scored a hat-trick with his head! The was the 2nd and last time so far in World Cup history 3 headers have been in scored by a player in 1 match! Other players who have scored are Michael Ballack, Carsten Jancker, Thomas Linke, Oliver Bierhoff and Bernd Schneider. Germany topped the group and advanced together with Republic of Ireland. Irish player Robbie Keane became the only player together with Brazilian Ronaldo (2x), to have scored a goal against Germany. Yes, Oliver Kan has been beaten only 3 times in total in this World Cup.Group F
Argentina – England 0-1
As was the case with France, Argentina played 1 of their worst World Cups in 2002. Argentina only won the first match against Nigeria. In this match where the rivals England and Argentina played each other, it was England which was finally able to defeat Argentina. David Beckham scored the only goal which was a penalty. The last time England was able to defeat Argentina in a World Cup was back in 1966. In the 1986 and 1998 World Cups, Argentina ended up being the winner. In comparison to previous encounters, this match didn’t include that bitterness that affected the 1966, 1986 and 1998 encounters. This was the last time so far Argentina and England met in a World Cup. England advanced with Sweden, but both had equal amount of points and goal difference. Sweden did score more goals than England which resulted in topping Group F. Argentina was eliminated in the first round. The last time this happened to Argentina was back in 1962. Memorable celebration by Julius Aghahowa (Nigeria – Sweden 1-2) Group G
Mexico – Italy 1-1
Mexico ended up topping the group. Mexico was the only country which didn’t lose a group match. This match against Italy was their only draw. Jared Borgetti scored the first goal of the match for Mexico. Alessandro Del Piero scored for Italy 5 minutes before full time. Although Italy lost against Croatia, they did advance to the Round of 16 with Mexico. Croatia was unrecognizable in comparison to the powerful Croatian team of 1998. In this World Cup they managed to lose 2 matches against Mexico and Ecuador.Group H
Japan – Belgium 2-2
Japan played a better World Cup than 4 years earlier. Japan didn’t lose a single group match. In this match against Belgium the score ended in a draw. The 4 goals were scored in the 2nd half in a time span of less than 20 minutes. Belgian midfielder Marc Wilmots scored the 1-0. Takayuki Suzuki responded 2 minutes later with Japan’s first goal. Junichi Inamoto scored the 2-1 8 minutes later. Then again 8 minutes later Belgian left back Peter Van Der Heyden scored the final goal of the match. Belgium finished 2nd and advanced to the next round. Host country Japan topped the group and reached the Round of 16 together with the other host country South Korea of Group D. This was the first time Japan reached the Round of 16.Round of 16
Sweden – Senegal 1-2
Senegal already surprised the world by defeating France and by advancing to the next round. But again they pulled of something no one would expect. They defeated Sweden and advanced to the Quarter-Final. Swedish striker Henrik Larsson scored the first goal and striker Henri Camara scored for Senegal. In the 2nd half no goals were scored, resulting in extra time. It was Henri Camara again who scored, but this time it was a Golden Goal. Sweden was immediately eliminated and Senegal advanced to the Quarter-Final for the first time. They became the 2nd country to have accomplished this after Cameroon in 1990.Spain – Republic of Ireland 1-1 (3-2)
Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon – attendance: 38,926
For a long time it seemed Spain would go to the Semi-Final. Fernando Morientes scored in the 8th minute of the match. The 1-0 score didn’t change until the very last minute. Republic of Ireland was awarded a penalty in the 90th minute and was taken successfully by Robbie Keane. Suddenly extra time had to be played but 0 goals were scored. The first of only 2 penalty shootouts had to be taken. Although Republic of Ireland had the advantage of higher level of euphoria due to their last minute goal, they lost. Only Robbie Keane and Steve Finnan scored their penalties. Matt Holland, David Connolly and Kevin Kilbane missed. Fernando Hierro, Rubén Baraja and Gaizka Mendieta scored for Spain. Only Juanfran and Juan Valerón missed. Spain advanced to play against South Korea.Mexico – USA 0-2
Jeonju World Cup Stadium, Jeonju – attendance: 36,380
Rivals Mexico and USA encountered each other for the first time in World Cup history. Mexico played a more successful group stage than USA so it was expected for USA to lose this Round of 16. But the match didn’t go as planned for Mexico. They were unable to score any goals. American forwards Brian McBride and Landon Donovan scored the only goals of the match. For the 3rd time in a row Mexico couldn’t survive the Round of 16 stage. Unfortunately for Mexico, they haven’t played a Quarter Final yet since 1986. USA had reason to celebrate, this is the first time in World Cup history they reached a Quarter-Final. They did reach the Semi-Final in the very first World Cup back in 1930, but in that World Cup there was no Quarter-Final stage.South Korea – Italy 2-1
Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon – attendance: 38,588
A highly controversial match was the Round of 16 match South Korea against Italy. The mistakes which were made by referee Byron Moreno were so controversial, Italian players like striker Francesco Totti and coach Giovanni Trapattoni suggested a conspiracy to eliminate Italy from the tournament. It started with a controversial penalty awarded to South Korea which was missed by Ahn Jung-Hwan. Italian striker Christian Vieri scored an early goal later in the match. Only in 2 minutes before full time, striker Seol Ki-Hyeon scored the equalizer. Extra time had to be played. Italian Damiano Tommasi scored a Golden Goal but this was controversially ruled offside. Another controversial decision by the referee was giving Francesco Totti his 2nd yellow card in extra time since he supposedly dived. 3 minutes before extra time would end, striker Ahn Jung-Hwan scored the Golden Goal: a powerful header. Italy was against all expectations immediately eliminated. References were even made to the infamous 1966 World Cup match Italy against North Korea which Italy lost with 1-0. This time South Korea advanced to the Quarter-Finals.Quarter-Finals
England – Brazil 1-2
In this exciting match free kick specialist Ronaldinho became the hero of the match. English striker Michael Owen did score the first goal of the match due to a mistake by defender Lúcio, but this ended up being the last for England. Rivaldo equalized in injury time of the first half. 5 minutes in the 2nd half, Ronaldinho took a free kick from a very long distance and surprisingly ended up in the net. Goalkeeper David Seaman was not standing in the right position so it was to late to stop the ball. This became the last goal of the match and Brazil entered the Semi-Final. David Seaman blamed himself for losing to Brazil and missing out the rest of the tournament.Spain – South Korea 0-0 (3-5)
Gwangju World Cup Stadium, Gwangju – attendance: 42,114
Another controversial match was against Spain. 0 goals were scored by both teams in normal and extra time. However 2 goals were controversially disallowed in normal time. The first was a free kick by Javier de Pedro. The 2nd was Joaquín giving a high pass to Fernando Morientes who scored with a header. The referee thought the ball already crossed the corner line before the given pass but it wasn’t. After 120 minutes the penalty shootout had to decide who advances to the Semi-Final for the very first time. Although Spain did make it to the last round of the 1950 World Cup. After Spain having won the penalty shootout against Republic of Ireland in their previous match, they failed this time. Every South Korean penalty taker scored their penalty successfully. They were Hwang Sun-Hong, Park Ji-Sung, Seol Ki-Hyeon, Ahn Jung-Hwan and Hong Myung-Bo. From Spain Fernando Hierro, Rubén Baraja and Xavi scored a penalty. Joaquín Sánchez missed. Since the last penalty taker Hong Myung-Bo from South Korea scored, the winner was decided. South Korea became the first Asian country in World Cup history to advance to the Semi-Finals. Regarding the controversial decisions in this match and the match between South Korea and Italy, FIFA president Sepp Blatter always denied pro-South Korea conspiracies.Semi-Finals
Germany – South Korea 1-0
Although previous matches including South Korea are considered as very controversial, South Korea’s chances of becoming world champion ended here. But it was a close call. Only 1 goal decided the outcome of the match. This goal was scored by German midfielder Michael Ballack. No controversial decisions have been made in this match. South Korea had to play the match for the third place and Germany advanced to the Final.Brazil – Turkey 1-0
Saitama Stadium, Saitama – attendance: 61,058
For a 2nd time they met again. This was the moment for Turkey to revenge themselves for their loss. Turkey lost their first encounter due to a last minute penalty scored by Rivaldo. But in this match Turkey had trouble defeating Brazil again. Only 1 goal was scored by Brazilian striker Ronaldo. Brazil advanced to the Final just like in France ’98. Turkey would play a memorable match for the third place against South Korea.Match for the third place
South Korea – Turkey 2-3
Both Turkey and South Korea never played a Semi-Final or match for the third place before. In overall this match was played harmonious were Turkey ended up being the winner. The match started with the quickest goal scored in World Cup history. Turkish striker Hakan Şükür scored in the first minute of the match. South Korean midfielder Lee Eul-Yong equalized 9 minutes later. Turkish striker İlhan Mansız scored the 1-2 4 minutes later and the 1-3 in the 32nd minute. The 1-3 score remained for the majority of the 2nd half. Only in the last minutes of injury time, Song Chong-Gug scored the 2nd goal for South Korea. Turkey won the match, but at the end this didn’t matter much. Both countries showed an excellent performance and ended the World Cup by walking together as 1, honouring the crowd. South Korea trainer Guus Hiddink from the Netherlands also became the center of attention. South Korea became the first non-European and non-American country to have made it to a World Cup Semi-Final. So this alone was a unique and legendary achievement already.
World Cup 2002 Final
Brazil and Germany: the most successful teams in World Cup history. Both teams made it to a World Cup Final several times, but this was the first time they encountered each other in World Cup history! They both have played 7 World Cup Finals in total.
After Brazil’s loss of the 1998 World Cup Final, they once again have a chance to become the first country to win 5 World Cups. Brazilian captain and player Cafu has the honour of being the only player so far to have played 3 World Cup Finals (1994, 1998, 2002). Brazil had a smooth road to the Final where every match of the World Cup was won.
After 12 years Germany managed to reach the Final again. This was the first time Germany reached the Final as Germany instead of West Germany. They won most 2002 World Cup matches, including a remarkable 8-0 win in their first match against Saudi Arabia. They drew however against the Republic of Ireland (1-1). A crucial player who would miss the Final was Michael Ballack. He received his first yellow card against Paraguay and his 2nd against South Korea.
On the 30th of June, the Final was held in the International Stadium Yokohama in Japan with an attendance of 69,029. Due to an excellent collaboration between Ronaldo and Rivaldo, Brazil scored in total 2 goals and both were scored by Ronaldo in the 67th and 79th minute. With the first goal, German goalkeeper Oliver Kahn made a mistake by not holding on the ball after Rivaldo’s shot. This resulted in Ronaldo scoring the first goal.
Brazil became the first country to win a World Cup 5 times and is to date the most successful country in World Cup history. Ronaldo became top scorer with 8 goals scored in the tournament. The trauma from the 1998 World Cup Final was finally over.
After Germany’s loss, they have the unfortunate record of having lost a World Cup Final 4 times.
World Cup 2002 Mascot
The 2002 World Cup mascot was different and unique in many ways in comparison with the previous mascots. After 2 animal mascots of the 1994 and 1998 World Cups, a fantasy character was introduced like Ciao the 1990 World Cup mascot. Not only was it a fantasy character, the mascot contained a total of 3 fantasy characters and was created by futuristic computer-generated animation. The 3 characters go by the names Ato (orange), Kaz (purple) and Nik (blue) and together they are called the Spheriks. The names were chosen through a vote by football fans from around the world at McDonald’s restaurants in South Korea and Japan. Another unique aspect of the mascot was the detailed story that involved the Spheriks. They live high in the sky on planet Atmozone where they are members of the Atmos team of a fictional sport called Atmoball or Spherikball. Ato is the coach and Kaz and Nik are the key players. Their mission is to create a unique and wonderful atmosphere in the 2002 World Cup. Another unique aspect was the fact the mascot didn’t relate much to the host countries. No colours or attributes could be connected to the host countries. A connection could be the fact that Asia is known for its animation and enchanting ancient myths, characters and stories. In a 2008 FIFA.com poll, The Spheriks took the last place with 12.48% of the most popular World Cup mascot of the last 5 World Cups before South Africa 2010 (1990 – 2006). The Spheriks did become popular during the World Cup and even had their own series consisting of 26 episodes. See below the intro.
World Cup 2002 Songs
As has been introduced in the 1998 World Cup, the 2002 World Cup contained an official anthem. The name is simply Anthem and is produced by famous Greek ‘Conquest of Paradise’ and ‘Chariots of Fire’ composer Vangelis. Anthem is mixed by Japanese composer and producer Takkyu Ishino and has therefore that electronic up-tempo beat. This beat is perfectly suitable, emphasizing on the hype, adrenaline and sensation of an epic World Cup.There was another popular song which is also considered as an official World Cup 2002 song. The name is Let’s Get Together Now and is performed by supergroup Voice of Korea/Japan. From South Korea singers Lena Park and Brown Eyes participated, and from Japan singer Sowelu and pop duo Chemistry participated. There exists a Japanese version and a South Korean version, but it is the mixed version that is the tune of the 2002 World Cup. Let’s Get Together Now was also performed at the opening and closing ceremony and has proven to be pretty popular.
World Cup 2002 Records
Did You Know
World Cup 2002 FIFA Awards
World Cup 2002 FIFA All-Star Team
3 countries are included for the first time: Turkey, South Korea and Senegal. This is the first and last time Asian players are included in an All-Star Team. Senegal would be the last African country so far to be included as well. USA was finally included again after their inclusion in the 1930 FIFA All-Star Team. For USA it is also the last time so far to be included. Brazilian players Ronaldo, Roberto Carlos and Rivaldo were for the 2nd time included.
World Cup 2002 in Action
2002 FIFA World Cup Intro World Cup 2002 Highlights FIFA World Cup 2002 – Top 10 Super Skills World Cup 2002 Top 10 Goals All the Goals of Korea & Japan ’02 Part 1 All the Goals of Korea & Japan ’02 Part 2 Anastacia performing Boom live at FIFA World Cup Korea Japan 2002 WC Opening Ceremony – 1/3 Korea Japan 2002 WC Opening Ceremony – 2/3 Korea Japan 2002 WC Opening Ceremony – 3/3 Seven Games from Glory – Official 2002 World Cup Movie (in Portuguese)
2002 World Cup
World Cup English